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May 29, 2024
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Eco-friendly Agriculture: Change in Farm Practices Can Cut Greenhouse Emissions by One-third in 2030  –  World Bank

A new report from the World Bank indicates that changes in farm and food production methods could reduce greenhouse gas emissions by a third by 2030.

This information was revealed in a report titled ‘Recipe for a Livable Planet: Achieving Net Zero Emissions in the Agrifood System,’ released on Tuesday, outlining actionable steps for countries worldwide.

According to the report, the global agrifood system presents a significant opportunity to cut nearly a third of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions through affordable and readily available actions while continuing to feed a growing population.

“Unlike other sectors, it can have an outsized impact on climate change by reducing emissions and drawing carbon naturally from the atmosphere,” it said. “These will make food supplies more secure, help the food system better withstand climate change, and protect vulnerable people during this transition.”

“While the food on your table may taste good, it is also a hefty slice of the climate change emissions pie. The good news is that the global food system can heal the planet, making soils, ecosystems, and people healthier while keeping carbon in the ground.

”This is within reach in our lifetimes, but countries must act now. Simply changing how middle-income countries use land, such as forests and ecosystems for food production, can cut agrifood emissions by a third by 2030,” said Axel van Trotsenburg, World Bank senior managing director.

The report also said that recognising that countries would meet their climate goals in different ways, it identified a menu of solutions to choose from. According to the report, high-income countries can lead by supporting low- and middle-income countries in adopting low-emission farming methods and technologies.

Mr van Trotsenburg added, “Also, they can get technical assistance for forest conservation programmes that generate high-integrity carbon credits.”

The report further said that High-income countries could also shift subsidies away from high-emitting food sources.

He noted, “This would reveal their full price and help make low-emission food options cheaper in comparison.”

It said middle-income countries had an outsized role by curbing up to three-quarters of global agrifood emissions through greener practices.

Mr van Trotsenburg stated that “these greener practices include reducing emissions from livestock and rice, investing in healthy soils, cutting food loss and waste and using land more efficiently. One-third of the world’s opportunities to reduce agrifood emissions relate to sustainable land use in middle-income countries.”

The report also said that low-income countries could chart a different way forward by avoiding the mistakes made by richer countries and seizing climate-smart opportunities for greener and more competitive economies.

The report also found that payoffs for investing in cutting agrifood emissions were much bigger than the costs.

”Annual investments will need to increase to 260 billion dollars a year to cut in half agrifood emissions by 2030 and to reach net zero emissions by 2050. Twice this money was spent yearly on agricultural subsidies, many of which harm the environment.

”While cutting wasteful subsidies can finance some of this investment, additional financing is essential to get to net zero. Making these investments will lead to more than four trillion dollars in benefits, from improvements in human health, food and nutrition security. Also better quality jobs and profits for farmers, to more carbon retained in forests and soils.”

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